An abortion can occur spontaneously due to complications of pregnancy or it may be induced. An abortion induced to preserve the health of the pregnant female is termed a therapeutic abortion, while an abortion induced for any other reason is termed an elective abortion. The term abortion most commonly refers to the induced abortion of a human pregnancy, while spontaneous abortions are usually termed miscarriages.
A D&C (Dilation and Curettage) is the most common method of early abortion. This method is simple, and considered the safest and most convenient way to end an early pregnancy. The procedure involves a gentle aspiration of the pregnancy tissue and possibly a mild scraping of the uterine cavity to ensure its completeness. A D&C procedure is routine, considered safe and will not affect your ability to get pregnant in the future.