Cervical cancer is a cancer of the lower portion of the uterus called the cervix. Almost all cervical cancer is caused by a virus called Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) which is transmitted through sexual intercourse. There exist both preventative measures, such as a vaccine, as well as, screening mechanisms, such as a PAP smear and HPV testing, which can, not only, diagnose cervical cancer, but also its precursors. This allows for treatment before cancer ever develops. Know current screening recommendations and how they may apply to you.